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Orthodontic Treatment

Madhu Dental Treatments

Orthodontic Treatment

Orthodontics is the branch of dentistry that focuses on diagnosing and treating “bad bites” (malocclusion). Common orthodontic treatments include braces, clear aligners and retainers.

The way your teeth fit together has a significant impact on your oral health. By improving the way your upper and lower teeth meet, you can reduce your risk for a host of oral health issues, including cavities, gum disease and excessive wear (erosion).

Who offers orthodontic treatment?

In most cases, orthodontists perform this type of treatment.  They focus on improving your bite. They don’t perform general dentistry treatments like fillings, crowns or bridges.

Common orthodontic problems

Types of orthodontic problems include:

  • Overbite, when your upper teeth stick out over your lower teeth.
  • Underbite, when your lower teeth stick out further than your upper teeth.
  • Overlapping teeth.
  • Crowded teeth.
  • Crooked teeth.
  • Rotated teeth.
  • Impacted teeth (which are partially or fully trapped in your jawbone).

Procedures of orthodontic treatment

There are several treatments that fall under the specialty of orthodontics. Some of the most common include:

  • Braces
  • Clear aligners
  • Retainers
  • Palate expanders

Removable Appliance

Simple treatment may be carried out with a removable brace (a plate that can be taken out to be cleaned). It has delicate wires and springs attached, which move the teeth using gentle pressure.


They are tough, clear plastic ‘aligners’ (moulds) that are used to straighten teeth. Several sets of specially moulded, slightly different aligners are made for each patient. Each set is worn for two weeks before being replaced with the next one. They are made from clear plastic, so they are nearly invisible. This means that no one need know you are straightening your teeth.

The aligners should be worn for 22 to 23 hours a day for the best results. They can be easily removed for eating, drinking, brushing, and for cleaning in between your teeth. You need to have all your adult teeth before you can have this treatment.

Fixed Appliance

Often, teeth need to be guided more accurately than they can be using a removable brace. So a fixed brace is used. This has brackets and bands which are temporarily stuck to the teeth. A flexible wire joins all the brackets and allows the teeth to be moved. You can’t take the appliance out yourself, so it is called a fixed appliance.